Issue No. 273: Modern Luxe Doesn’t Bend

Pictured: Outdoor Voices, from our Open Letter to DNVB CEOs

In November of 2016, Lean Luxe’s Paul Munford penned somewhat of a scripture to upstart modern luxury brands: promotion-heavy retailers will not last. There are few takeaways from “The Downward Spiral” that are worth mentioning as recent economic reports suggest that the retail apocalypse is coming to an end, a great sign for aspirational DNVBs that are looking to expand into physical retail.

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We are in a time of unprecedented retail brand launches, collaborations, acquisitions, and re-imaginations – much of which is online-first. This begs the question, what will separate the winners from the commodities? There are early and permanent decisions that determine a brand’s trajectory. For every Mizzen + Main or Ministry of Supply, there is a State and Liberty. For every Outdoor Voices, there is a Bandier. And for every Away, there is a Raden. Each decision matters. And no decision matters more than pricing and a brand’s promotional tendencies.

Here are the top ten takeaways from some of Munford’s best work:

  • No maneuver in retail appears to be as easy to roll out, yet no strategy is as detrimental to a retailer’s long term prospects as the heavy discount. It is a palliative pill: wonderful for the consumer in the short run, but ultimately bad for both business and shoppers over time. It commoditizes the brand, forcing companies to differentiate on price. 
  • The second problem, also related to scale, is systemic to the industry itself: The need to constantly add more and more products at regular intervals, flooding the marketplace with goods that are newer, but rarely better.
  • The lure of the discount, then, becomes too hard to resist. It provides a short term boost to the bottom line and the illusion of growth, but at the expense of brand reputation and sustainable profit — two vital arteries for a business’s overall health.
  • Modern luxury companies have figured out the formula, and it’s remarkably simple: create less merchandise than will sell (and predict, if possible, the sell-through rate, with pre-orders), keep demand high. Embrace the waiting list, as Everlane, Glossier, Caraa, and Alala, among others, often do. 
  • Never discount; preserve the standing of the brand. These tactics certainly do not work, however, or at least for very long, if product standards are below par.
  • Hermes, for instance, is notorious for never slashing prices. Its products carry a prestige because of that, and there is always a demand, no matter how frivolous the item. And they certainly are not above testing the limits of consumer devotion: It has even gone so far as to repackage its cutting floor leather scraps to sell them as high-priced gift boxes.
  • That opposition to discounting would come from founders within the emerging modern luxury industry is no coincidence. For one, it displays the trademark sense of calm confidence in the product that this group is quickly becoming known for. 
  • As for Mr. Preysman, the full price mantra feeds into his mission to constantly refine the product, to make it better, and push it ever closer to perfection according to the standards of the brand.
  • Surprisingly, rejecting the discount is also quite consumer-centric. The eternally-wise Ben Franklin said it best, of course, when he offered this observation: “The bitterness of poor quality remains long after the sweetness of low price is forgotten.”
  • It takes superb maturity and a great deal of resilience to fight the urge for the temporary discount boost at the expense of preserving a long term reputation. 

Maturity, patience, grit, and perhaps temporary poverty are keys to developing the types of brands that grow to compete with age old legends and fierce (but hopefully friendly) rivals. In 2013, Brooks Brothers commented on Mizzen + Main’s influence on the shirting industry for the New York Times:

While Brooks Brothers experimented with “performance” shirts akin to Mizzen & Main’s, [Brooks Brothers’ spokesman] Mr. Blee said that customers preferred the general wearability of conventional all-cotton. The stretch fibers felt synthetic to them. Although a range of Brooks Brothers oxford shirts have moisture-wicking properties, he said, “We are known as a natural-fiber house: 100 percent cotton, 100 percent cashmere.

Just five years later, Brooks Brothers is launching a competitor to compete in a menswear world that is being re-defined by technical fabrics and other innovations.

Mizzen+Main on Twitter

we’re old enough to remember when Brooks Brothers laughed at performance menswear:

I remember the joy of that article hitting the newsstands on December 18, 2013. Not because of the notoriety that it would provide but because it had been over a year and half and we really needed the sales. We stood firm on our price while we built allegiances and Kevin worked feverishly to improve the product. And the company lasted. What Lavelle and team has done today is nothing short of spectacular. And it has allowed the brand to stand, eye to eye, in the same clubs and on the same courses as the company that invented the polo shirt (sorry, Ralph).

To achieve growth and longevity, branding cannot be viewed as a soft skill. Price cannot be viewed as an arbitrary number to manipulate. The five forces must always be considered. And patience must be paramount because great brands start slowly. In the age of modern luxury DNVB’s this is as important as the products themselves.

Read more: An Open Letter to DNVB CEOs (Issue No. 254)

Read the rest of Issue No. 273 here.

By Web Smith and Meghan Terwilliger | About 2PM

Issue No. 272: A Path Forward

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Pictured: Bal Harbour Shops, 2nd Floor

The worst thing to happen to the American mall is the boom of online-first modern luxury companies. And it’s also the best thing to happen to the American mall.

There are 1,100+ malls in America and approximately 320 are graded Tier A. We have an oversupply of malls but that does not mean that traditional, anchored shopping centers no longer have a place in consumerism. We’d argue that Tier A malls have yet to see their best years. We expect their footfall traffic KPIs to grow, while B and C tiered malls continue their trends toward repurposed real estate and other methods to maintain footfall traffic KPIs (mall opportunity, sales opportunity, and store performance).

Suzanne Mulvee, director of research at CoStar, cites that “lower-quality malls in markets with smaller populations and lower incomes will continue to close” —a trend that persists today. And here’s a data based position:

Green Street Advisors, a research firm, forecast a 6.0 percent drop in market revenue per available foot (RevPaF) for class-B and -C malls from 2018 to 2022, versus a 0.5 percent increase for class-A malls during the same period. 

Private market values of class-B and -C malls have also dropped the most since January 2017, according to Green Street, plunging 27.0 percent and 25.0 percent, respectively, year-over-year. Meanwhile, the values of class-A malls declined by 14.0 percent year-over-year.

National Real Estate Investor

So what does this mean for digitally vertical native brands (DNVB), old and new? In short, online-first brands should be positioning their product offering for inclusion in Tier A malls. First, let’s look at the established. A retail presence for DNVBs varies, as such:

  • Harry’s has a prominent position in J. Crew shops (Tier A)
  • Shinola has marquee positioning as stand alone stores (Tier A)
  • Mizzen + Main has prominent position at Nordstrom (Tier A)
  • Bevel has showroom real estate at Macys (Tier A / B)
  • Warby Parker has great stand alone stores (Tier A)
  • Greats has marquee positioning at Nordstrom (Tier A)
  • Ministry of Supply has great stand alone stores in Tier A areas
  • Homage has great stand alone stores (Tier A)
  • Bonobos has stand alone stores and Nordstrom positioning (Tier A)
  • MeUndies has positioning at Nordstrom (Tier A)
  • Goop is opening sponsored pop ups (Tier A)

There are very few presences in Tier B malls and virtually no DNVB presence in Tier C malls. These brands have done a wonderful job positioning themselves as modern luxury companies. They’ve been incubated online for five to ten years and they’ve become prominent enough to live as lifestyle brands in traditional retail spaces. It’s a forgone conclusion that omni-channel operations should be a focus for DNVBs; retail real estate analysis is a skill that is becoming more and more important. And DNVB’s are well-positioned to benefit from the Tier A adoption of the online brands. Recall this quote from Issue No. 265:

2PM’s Meghan Terwilliger had this to say:

Luxury, however you define it, is a brand’s embodiment of characteristics that make it desirable. Historically, those characteristics have been more ‘What’ features like quality, exclusivity, and cost. You can still define luxury as characteristics that make a brand desirable, but those characteristics have shifted. Quality is table stakes.

The characteristics that make brands more desirable are ‘how’ features like excellent customer experience (how do I experience the brand), meaningful brand mission (how do they give back/make a difference), and community engagement. Is it artist-created and excessively expensive? Maybe not. But if it is a product, or even an entire experience that is highly desirable, it can be considered a luxurious brand. DNVBs just so happen to possess a great infrastructure to support the characteristics that define modern luxury.

There are DNVBs that are launching daily. It is important that these brands understand that online retail mechanics has its limits. For these brands to expand into $30 million or more in annual revenue, omni-channel strategy can provide longterm growth. Additionally, this can reinvigorate top funnel sales through online channels.

Here are the top five suggestions for DNVBs launching today:

  • Master the first product. Bonobos began with pants, Mizzen + Main with a single white dress shirt, and Bevel with one blade.
  • Develop a strong sense of product ambassadorship. Mizzen + Main targets millennials, but the most capable buyers are between the age of 34-45. Developing a sense of loyalty with them can pay dividends. For their peers that don’t shop online, they’ll become a top funnel driver of them to your brick and mortar locations.
  • Avoid discount promotion, even at the beginning. Price stability over time is crucial. The moment that a brand is seen as a discounter, the Tier A mall demographic loses interest (with few exceptions).
  • Emphasize advertising to Tier A mall consumers. When DNVB’s grow online, they need to focus on the customers that possess the greatest LTV (lifetime value) potential. This correlates with Tier A mall shoppers.
  • Establish relationships with non-competitive retailers. It can be a powerful signal of longterm viability when existing brands co-sign your early product. This is most often seen by way of product collaborations, cross-promotion, or merchandising your products in their flagship stores.

Retailers that appeal to…the upper class are thriving. One look at Houston’s Galleria, Columbus’ Easton Town Center, or Miami’s Bal Harbour Shops will confirm as such. This is the future that many in retail are planning for. So no, retail is not dead. But retail is leaving the middle class behind because, frankly, so are we.

2PM Member Brief No. 5

In the first sentence, I wrote that online retail is the best and worst thing to happen to malls. In many ways, this is true. The shuttering of weaker retailers and shopping centers is long overdue. Experts attribute this trend to the emergence of online retail brands (and the excessive private equity debt that these retailers accrued to compete with them).

We have more retail real estate than any developed country on earth. Malls are not dying, the bad ones are. While eCommerce efficiency is appealing to digital marketers, the brick and mortar channel is golden for brand operatives who are establishing their brands as modern luxury products. Marketing is arithmetic, whereas brand-building is more of a subjective art. If you were to ask the chief executives at each of the aforementioned brands, they would point to their brick and mortar successes as great milestones. There will be fewer malls in the coming the years, but an early bet on the ones that remain will position young DNVBs for omni-channel success.

Read the rest of the issue.

By Web Smith and Meghan Terwilliger | About 2PM 

Issue No. 270: For DNVBs, brand matters.

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A look at Raden’s shuttering (DNVB No. 119) and Away’s persistence (DNVB No. 40). With the news of Raden shuttering and their founder’s commentary on the online luggage industry’s outlook, 2PM has a deep dive into what may have influenced Raden’s shuttering (it wasn’t just regulation). And Away cofounder and CEO Steph Korey provides commentary on what will shape Away’s bright future.

Founder of Raden, Josh Udashkin had this to say to Conde Nast Traveler about the future of the smart luggage industry: 

I hate to say this, but I think [the future] is nonexistent. All these companies rely on word of mouth, but buying this product now gets you hassled. I don’t see how you can continue selling it.

We disagree. Millennial consumers are practical, savvy, and even slightly territorial. These consumers seek brands that appeal to their lifestyles, their timing, their values, and their personal preferences. The narrative matters because their lifestyle matters.

The key to building a strong DNVB can be attributed to perceived quality, price value, and ease of purchase.

Convenience Change + Price Change + Perception of Quality Change > 0 

Convenience: ease of purchase, superior customer service, ease of return, and quality warranty.

Price: is the price comparable and or cheaper than the premium incumbent brand prices.

Perception of quality: how is the brand perceived? Is there an affinity for the product?

Whereas, if the DNVB’s sum “change” is greater than zero, the DNVB may be a better option than the incumbent. It’s through this lens that DNVBs and CPG brands have been able to position their products against stodgier, traditional brands. One of the keys to building an online retail presence is emphasizing both components of a winning formula: product and narrative.  That narrative communicates quality, community, and brand equity around the product. For DNVBs with $5M or less in total funding, you can argue that the narrative is as important as the product itself.

Issue No. 254: An Open Letter to DNVB CEOs

DNVB executive teams build two products from scratch, supply and demand:

  1. The product: the shirt, or the luggage, the pants, the shades, the coats, or whatever it is that people know you for.
  2. The brand: the aura of that product, the name recognition, the association, the behind-the-scenes partners, the spokeswomen, the ambassadors, the inevitability of success.

Both Raden and Away were founded in the early months of 2015. Raden raised a seed investment from Lerer Hippeau, First Round Capital, and Gin Lane – the famed and de facto kingmaker of DNVBs. Away raised a star studded seed round that included Andy Dunn, the now-Walmart executive who coined the DNVB acronym.

When Udashkin was interviewed by Loose Threads in 2015, Udashkin indicated that product was the entirety of his focus. He went on to add that the product’s narrative wasn’t something that Raden was going to emphasize.

After spending almost a year in the prototype phase, working out of San Francisco, Los Angeles, Montreal, and Taiwan, Raden emerged as a product company that rejected the imagery and celebrity of lifestyle brands.

Udashkin went on to say: “How can you have a lifestyle on day one around your product unless you’re faking it? I think that works in the short term, but over time the customer gets smarter. If you don’t keep working on your product, eventually you lose.”

Cofounders Steph Korey and Jen Rubio took a nearly opposite approach to building their competing brand. In a July 2017 segment in Inc Magazine called “How I did it”, here is what was said about the duo:

Steph Korey and Jen Rubio had a problem. Their planned launch of Away, a new luggage brand, was fast approaching–and none of their suitcases would be ready to sell in time. Luckily, the two had a social media trick packed in their bags. They turned a proven retailing tactic, the preorder, and an idea for a book into a campaign that went viral on Instagram and beyond.

Burt Helm, Inc. Magazine

This thinking permeates through their entire product position. Whereas Raden’s Instagram focused solely on the products being sold, Away’s Instagram account features as much lifestyle and usability as it does the products that Away sells.

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While Away focused on the destination and brand affinity (to include a print magazine called “Here”), the relationship that Raden maintained with customers was altogether different than the one that Away hopes to continue. The difference between the two approaches greatly affected each brand’s product offering: Raden’s was narrow, Away’s is wide. Here’s a pivotal point in today’s featured article by Fast Company:

He walks me through the math. The target market for a direct-to-consumer suitcase brand is relatively narrow. This is not a mass purchase. Your audience is people with enough disposable income to spend between $200 and $400 on a carry-on, but also be digitally savvy enough to be willing to buy the case online, rather than in a department store.

Once the startup has convinced someone within their target market to buy a carry-on, the relationship is basically over. With some persuasion, the brand can try to sell them a piece of checked luggage or perhaps another small travel accessory. But the lifestyle value of each customer is relatively small, compared to other categories. A direct-to-consumer luxury shoe brand like M.Gemi can sell a woman a new pair of $300 shoes twice a year for the rest of her life. Everlane can sell a customer wardrobe updates every month.

Elizabeth Segran, Fast Company

Here Udashkin suggests that he did the right thing by focusing on product superiority alone (just one of the three components to the DNVB formula). But because he saw no value in building a brand and narrative around Raden, there were fewer alternative products that he could offer to his existing customers. This, in addition to his luggage’s immovable battery and the startup’s shorter runway influenced his position that the luggage maker had no choice but to cease operations. He also suggested that there was no market for these types of products in the long run, a far-reaching assertion.

In an email to 2PM, Away CEO Steph Korey explained Away’s position: 

A brand’s success isn’t determined by the amount of money it raises, or by any other one thing, but by the right combination of a lot of little things.

For us, it’s been the combination of having a customer-obsessed approach to everything we do (taking the time to listen to our customers, deeply understand what they’re telling us, and then quickly acting on it), being conscientious about the way we introduce them to the brand in the first place (ensuring what we’re marketing will be interesting to who we’re marketing it to, and simultaneously creating a narrative that’s authentic to who we are as a brand no matter the channel or intended audience), and not limiting ourselves to any one product or plan for the future (expanding from one suitcase to dozens of travel goods since launch, and setting our sights on fixing everything that’s currently wrong with the travel experience).

One of the early lessons in DNVB branding is one that cannot be explained by analytics and logic, alone. It’s too subjective. Phil Knight’s once-fledgling shoe operation sold shoes but Nike was never a shoe company: it was a company that enabled champions. Tesla sells cars but Tesla is a company for futurists. Apple sells computers but it’s a company for creators.

For aspirational products, consumers choose brands that fit their lifestyle, belief system, and goals. From the very beginning, Away achieved something that very few DNVB’s understand early on. Building the product is only half of the battle. This means that no matter what arduous regulations they may encounter, they will maintain a canvas to build products that are relevant to their community of passionate, millennial travelers. It’s likely that as traditional sales continue, you’ll see a growing number of SKUs, styles, and add-ons that are beloved by millennial travelers and commuters. Yes, Steph Korey and Jen Rubio sell luggage, but Away is a travel company. And Away will go where she wants.

Updates: On June 26, Away announced the Away x Dwayne Wade collaboration. On June 28, Away announced a $50M round of investment, one of the largest rounds by female founders in history. According to their Comms Director Cassi Gritzmacher:

With this latest round of funding, Away plans to further establish itself worldwide by extending to new markets; continue to expand its product line to create the one perfect version of everything you need to travel seamlessly; expand its physical retail footprint (opening 6 new stores by the end of 2018 in addition to its current New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Austin locations); build on its existing social impact efforts (through its partnership with Peace Direct and through new initiatives); and create 249 new jobs over the next five years, transitioning the team into a 56,000-square-foot new Global Headquarters in its hometown of New York City.

Read more of the issue here.

By Web Smith and Meghan Terwilliger | About 2PM